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Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations in Beirut has issued a new Arabic book entitled “Iranian Nuclear Program.” The 104-page book is prepared by Prof. ‘Atta Muhammad Zahra, and is offered for free download.

The book explains how the Iranian nuclear issue was internationally the subject of great interest of scholars and researchers since more than ten years. Some consider the program “completely civilian,” others see it as “completely military,” and a third part find it neither the former nor the latter.

The book pointed out that like Pakistan, India and Israel, ambiguity surrounds Iran’s nuclear program. It divides the visions of the Iranian leadership, regardless of their intellectual premises, between acquiring a nuclear capability on one hand, and developing peaceful nuclear energy on the other.

Regarding the motives of the nuclear project, the author sees them boil down to support the national economy and contribute to the Iranian scientific revival in order to protect the Islamic Republican regime, face external challenges, and strengthen Iran’s international status.

>> Iranian Nuclear Program (Arabic)  (106 pages, 1.2 MB)
Publication Information:


Title: Al-Barnamaj al-Nawawi al-Irani (Iranian Nuclear Program).
Prepared by: Prof. ‘Atta Muhammad Zahra
Published in: 2015 (1st Edition)
Hard Cover: 104 pages
Price: $6


According to Zahra, the nuclear activity has passed through three main stages; providing the centrifuges, production and enrichment of uranium, and heavy water production.

The book contains five chapters that focus on the implications of the nuclear program and international sanctions, Western suspicions about its nature, and the crisis with the international community.

One of the milestones in Iran’s nuclear program is when the UN Security Council in 2006, imposed economic and technical sanctions to prevent Iran from acquiring a military nuclear capability.

Zahra believes that Iran is willing to negotiate its program within a framework that grants it the right of enrichment and acquiring nuclear technology in order to produce nuclear fuel. In return, it would guarantee a peaceful nuclear program.

Zahra points out that Iran rejects the idea of importing expensive nuclear fuel so that it would not to be subject to future international political and economic vagaries, while it ensured that it would comply with the obligations contained in the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

>> Iranian Nuclear Program (Arabic)  (106 pages, 1.2 MB)

Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, 28/7/2015