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“American Foreign Policy and the Muslim world”, is the latest English release by al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations. It is a 422 pages volume, prepared by a group of prominent scholars from US, UK, Malaysia, UAE and Lebanon. It discusses the domestic settings of American foreign policy and analyzes its impact on issues considered vital to the Muslim world; adhering to the strict academic standards and measures.

The importance of this study is that it analyzes American foreign policy from the view of scholars who are mostly from the Islamic world, yet they well know the US closely through their academic background, or by living and studying and teaching there. Thus they present their objective view as they see it rather than presenting the views of American think tanks. It is worth noting that the chapter discussing the impact of media and public opinion of this book was written by Alison Weir, the prominent American writer. 

The first part of this book explains the complex foreign policy making system in the United states and assesses the role of Christian evangelicalism, neoconservatism, the media the pro- Israel lobby and the role of Muslim groups.

The second part of the book discusses the characteristics of the American foreign policy. It presents a historical analysis of the most important issues that had an immense impact on the American foreign policy. It also analyses the impact of the US political economy on its foreign policy; and asserts the need for a paradigm shift in American foreign policy.  

The third part of the book provides an in-depth analysis of American policy towards the most sensitive issues in the Islamic World: the Palestinian cause, Iraq invasion and occupation, Iran’s nuclear issue and Afghanistan. It also discusses the president Obama’s foreign policy.

The book is a must read book for those interested in understanding American foreign policy toward the Muslim world, and specialists, and students of Political Science, and International Relations.


Beirut- 27/5/2009


>> Contributors

>> Table of Contents 

>> Preface and Introduction (
13 pages, file size 165 KB)

>> Chapter 1: American Foreign Policy: Dynamics of Domestic Sources (
43 pages, file size 300 KB )

>> Click Here for Table of Contents, Preface, Introduction & Chapter 1 in one file ( 70 pages, file size 353 KB )

See also:
 >> Publication’s leaflet, including the outline ( 4 pages, file size 667 KB)






Daud A. Abdullah, Ph.D., was born in Grenada, and obtained his first degree from the University of Guyana in 1981. Educated in Saudi Arabia, and the Sudan, he was a Lecturer in History at the University of Maiduguri in Nigeria during 1990-1993. Before moving to the U.K. in 1995, he taught briefly at Manarat International School in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He has been since then a Senior Researcher at the Palestinian Return Centre, London. He also lectures in Islamic Studies at Birbeck College, University of London. He is currently serving as the Deputy Secretary General of the British Muslim Council. Dr Abdullah has published several articles and books on Islam and the Palestine Question. He is a regular contributor to The Palestine Times and
The Palestine Chronicle. His latest book is A History of Palestinian Resistance. One of his latest publications is a chapter in Islamic Political Radicalism: A European Perspective (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007). Email: [email protected].




Ahrar Ahmad, Ph.D., is Professor of Political Science at Black Hills State University, Spearfish, South Dakota, U.S.A. He teaches primarily in the areas of Comparative Politics and International Relations.  His research interests revolve around issues of development and underdevelopment, the relationship between Islam and democracy, and the possibilities of inter-faith dialogue. He is currently finishing a book on Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and co-editing a book on NGOs and Bangladesh, both to be published in 2008. He has published many articles and reviews in professional peer-reviewed journals, and has contributed chapters to several books including the Encyclopaedia of Islam (New York: MacMillan Reference, 2003), and the World History Encyclopaedia (to be published by ABC-CLIO, U.S.A.). He has presented numerous papers at academic conferences, and has been invited to deliver keynote speeches or special addresses on various campuses.  He received a Fulbright Award for lecturing and research in South Asia in 2007-2008, was honoured with the Distinguished Faculty of the Year Award at his home institution in 2007, and was selected Carnegie Professor of the year for the state of South Dakota in 2007-8. Email: [email protected].    

 Ishtiaq Hossain, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Political Science at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). He has a Ph.D. in Political Science from the National University of Singapore and a Master’s in International Affairs from Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. Before joining his current position, he taught at the National University of Singapore for more than a decade. He also served as Visiting Professor in the Department of Politics, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand and the Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. He was a consultant on a research project on the Gulf War by the Centre for National Security Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, U.S.A. Winner of a number of awards for research and teaching, he has more than 40 articles published in peer-reviewed international journals. His most recent publications include the following: “Tampa Crisis and the John Howard Government of Australia: A Critical Analysis” in S. S. Mehdi (ed.), International Migration: Challenges and Solutions, (Karachi: Department of International Relations, University of Karachi, 2007) and “Foreign Policy”, in Abdul Rashid Moten (ed.), Government and Politics in Malaysia (Singapore: Thomson, 2008). His areas of expertise and interest are International Relations, Governance and Comparative Politics with special reference to South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East. His current research interests are U.S. Foreign Policy and the National Security Issues, and theories of International Relations. He is a frequent commentator on current issues on international broadcasting and print media. Email: [email protected]


Habibul Haque Khondker, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, U.A.E. He has a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Pittsburgh, U.S.A. and a Master’s in Sociology from Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. Before joining Zayed University, he taught at National University of Singapore for two decades. Dr. Khondker has published articles on Globalization, State, Civil Society, and Democracy, the Role of Military in Politics, Famine, the Internet, and Science. His current research interests are Politics and Globalisation, and Gender Empowerment in comparative settings. He is the co-editor

[with Goran Therborn] of Asia and Europe in Globalization: Continents, Regions, and Nations (Leiden: Brill 2006). He is writing a book titled Globalization: East/West with Bryan Turner. He is on the editorial board of Globalizations (Routledge), Journal of Global Studies and Journal of Classical Sociology (Sage). Email: [email protected]


 Ataullah Bogdan Kopanski, Ph.D., is Professor of History at the International Islamic University Malaysia. He obtained his Master’s and Ph.D. from the University of Silesia. He has published extensively on Islamic Frontiers of Eurasia, polemology and the art of warfare. He is the author of The Western Question in the Osmanli Europe (Istanbul: Turkiey Diyanet Vakfi, 2000), The Sabres of Two Easts: An Untold History of Muslims and their Foes in the Eastern Europe (Islamabad and London: Institute of Policy Studies, 1995), The Broken Crescent: The Rise and Fall of Muslim Crimean Khanate (Islamabad: Islamic Foundation, 1993). In addition, he has published dozens of articles on the history of Medieval Europe. Email: [email protected]

 Abdul Rashid Moten, Ph.D., is Professor of Political Science at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). His research interests include Comparative Politics, International Relations, Methods of Political Inquiry, and issues in the Islamisation of Political Science. He has contributed over 100 articles in various international journals and authored/edited numerous publications including Introduction to Political Science, 3rd edition (Singapore: Cengage, 2009), Revolution to Revolution: Jama’at-e-Islami in the Politics of Pakistan (Kuala Lumpur: Islamic Book Trust, 2001), Democracy, Terrorism, the West and the Muslim World (Singapore: Thomson, 2007) and Government and Politics of Malaysia (Singapore: Thomson, 2008). He is the editor of Intellectual Discourse, the flag-ship journal of the IIUM. Email: [email protected]

 Wahabuddin Ra’ees, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor and Head of Department of Political Science, International Islamic University Malaysia. He specialises in International Relations with particular focus on foreign policy. His research interests include major powers’ interests in Afghanistan. He has numerous publications in the form of journal articles, and book chapters. Dr Ra’ees’s publications on the politics of Afghanistan include: “The Bonn Agreement and Making Democracy in Afghanistan”, Asian Profile, “Democratizing Afghanistan: An Analysis of the 2005 Parliamentary Elections” and “Presidential Election in Afghanistan: Democracy in the Making”, Intellectual Discourse. His latest publications include: “Nominal and Real Executive in Malaysia”, in Abdul Rashid Moten (ed.), Government and Politics in Malaysia (Singapore: Thomson, 2008), and “Military-Civilian Relations in Malaysia”, in Syed Arabi Idid (ed.), Malaysia at Fifty: Achievements and Aspirations (Singapore: Thomson, 2007). Email: [email protected]

 Elfatih A. Abdel Salam, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of Political Science at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). He obtained B.Sc. (Honours) and M.Sc. in Political Science from Khartoum University and M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science from Northwestern University. He taught Political Science at various institutes, universities and military academies in the Sudan. He has published in referred academic journals in Canada, the U.S., the U.K., India, Malaysia and the Sudan. He has also contributed various chapters in books. His latest co-authored book (in Arabic) is The Parliamentary Elections of the Sudan: An Analysis (Beirut: A.M.C. Sudan and An-Nahar Publishing House, 2008). His areas of specialisation include international law and diplomacy, research methods, conflict and conflict resolution, contemporary Islamic political thought, comparative politics and international political economy. Email: [email protected].

 Shahid M. Shahidullah, Ph.D. is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice, Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice, Virginia State University, Petersburg, Virginia, U.S.A. His major research interests include U.S. Foreign Policy, Global Terrorism, Global Organised Crime, U.S. Crime Policy, and Corruptions and Governance in Developing Countries. He received his Master’s in Public and International Affairs (M.P.I.A.) and M.A. and Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Pittsburgh, the U.S.A. Email: [email protected]

Choudhury M. Shamim, Ph.D., is Professor of Political Science in the Division of Politics, Administration and Justice at California State University, Fullerton. He has published extensively in international journals and was recently voted in 2007 as the most popular professor by students at Fullerton.  Email: [email protected].


Alison Weir is the Founder and Executive Director of the non-profit organization If Americans Knew, which focuses on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict with particular focus on media coverage of the issue  .   She was a journalist off and on for many years. Weir speaks widely throughout the United States and has written numerous essays on this topic; some of the most prominent are “Gaza: A Report From the Front”, in The New Intifada (London: Verso); “Choosing to Act: Anti-Semitism is Wrong”; “Israel and Palestine, Choosing Sides,” in Censored 2005: The Top 25 Censored Stories (Seven Stories Press; 2004); and “Humiliation and Child Abuse at Israeli Checkpoints: Strip-Searching Children,” CounterPunch (March 15, 2007)  .   In addition, she produces videos on Israel-Palestine conflicts, the most widely viewed trailer for an upcoming documentary “If Americans Knew”  .   Weir also appears in several documentaries by other filmmakers and is the subject of a documentary entitled “Off the Charts,” by Alternate Focus. In 2003 she received a widely reported death threat following her appearance in a debate on the University of California Berkeley campus. In March, 2004 she was inducted into honorary membership of Phi Alpha Literary Society, founded in 1845 at Illinois College. The award cited her as a: “Courageous journalist-lecturer on behalf of human rights. She is the first woman to receive an honorary membership in Phi Alpha history.     She has a website that contains photos and additional writings.

Muhammad Arif Zakaullah, Ph.D., is Associate Professor in the Department of Economics, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). His research interests include: Islamic Economics, Globalisation, Political Economy, and Current Affairs. His papers have been published in international journals, magazines and newspapers. In recent years his publications have focused on the political economy of the United States of America. He is the author of The Cross and the Crescent: The Rise of American Evangelicalism and the Future of Muslims (Kuala Lumpur: The Other Press, 2004). Over the years he has received numerous honours for his outstanding services, the latest being the Excellence in Teaching (Economics) Award 2001, and the Special Contribution Award 2003 from the IIUM. Email: [email protected]




Table of Contents






Ishtiaq Hossain and Mohsen Mohammad Saleh



American Foreign Policy: The Domestic Sources


1. American Foreign Policy: Dynamics of Domestic Sources  

Ishtiaq Hossain


2. The Rise of Christian Evangelicalism in American Politics: Its Genesis and Process

Arif Zakaullah


3. Neo-Conservatism and American Foreign Policy

Ishtiaq Hossain


4. Public and the Media

Alison Weir


5. East European Judeo-Zionists and Transformation of the American Democracy

Ataullah Bogdan Kopanski


6. Muslim Groups and American Foreign Policy 

Ahrar Ahmad



American Foreign Policy: Characteristics


7. Major Issues in American Foreign Policy: A Historiographical Analysis 

Elfatih A. Abdel Salam


8. The New-Old Empire: The Political Economy of U.S. Foreign Policy

Habibul Haque Khondker


9. America’s Foreign Policy: The Need for A Paradigm Shift 

Shahid M. Shaidullah





American Foreign Policy: The Four Legacies


10. America’s Palestinian Policy: The Impact of Ideological and Elite Interests – An Outsider’s Perspective

Daud Abdullah


11. The Invasion and Occupation of Iraq: The U.S. Hegemonic World Order

Abdul Rashid Moten


12. The Iranian Nuclear Issue

Choudhury M. Shamim


13. America’s Afghanistan Policy

Wahabuddin Ra’ees



Ishtiaq Hossain and Mohsen Mohammad Saleh